Since 2015, South Africa has experienced water shortages; mainly due to climate change which results in rainfall delays that eventually decrease dam levels, leading to droughts. As a result, South Africans have been left battling the regular issue of opening their taps only to be faced with no water.

But how can we find reprieve in the midst of such water crises? The solution comes in the form of a specifically engineered container that has the ability to store any type of liquid, also known as a water storage tank.

In this article we’re going to take a deep dive into everything you need to know about water storage tanks; from what they are, what they’re made from, and how these tanks can improve your everyday life – let’s get started.

What is a water storage tank?

A water storage tank is a container that is used for storing water for domestic and/or industrial use. These tanks are used to store water for a variety of applications, such as:

  • Irrigation
  • Drinking water
  • Food preparation
  • Agricultural farming
  • Chemical manufacturing

There are many different types of water tanks used. Below we will list some of the most common:

  • Groundwater tank
  • Elevated water tank
  • Hydro-pneumatic tank
  • Glass-reinforced plastic
  • Horizontal cylindrical tanks
  • Vertical cylindrical dome top tanks

Now that we’ve looked at the various use cases and types of water storage tanks available, let’s unpack how these tanks work.

How does a water storage tank work?

A water storage tank holds water until a demand for water is initiated in a domestic or industrial setting. Water is pumped into the tank from a water source such as a well (or reverse osmosis system if the water is intended to be used as drinking water). The water storage tank will accumulate water until it is full.

When the time comes that you need access to water, whether it be to fill your glass, or irrigate a field, the tank will provide you with instantaneous access to water.  

What are water storage tanks made from?

Water storage tanks are available in a variety of different materials. Below we will take a look at the five most commonly available materials for these types of tanks:

  • Plastic
  • Concrete
  • Fibre Glass
  • Sheet Steel
  • Stainless Steel

Although there are a number of different materials these tanks can be constructed with, steel water tanks are generally the best bet and serve as the best investment; plastic storage tanks have a high probability to fail you.

How can water storage tanks help save water?

Water storage tanks can help you save money, water, and improve your everyday life. Installing a rainwater harvesting tank at your home can help you decrease the figure on your monthly water usage bill by providing you with an alternative source of water to do everyday household activities, such as:

  • Washing clothes
  • Flushing the toilet
  • Washing dishes

With regards to the agricultural industry, having a water storage tank is of utmost importance for farmers; crops cannot survive without a secure water source.

However, the benefits of water tanks extend far beyond home and agricultural use; they are also widely used in the Mining and Industrial industry too.